Course of Study in Europe

Semester 1 (Denmark): 20 January – 6 June or

Semester 2 (Finland): 25 August – 15 December

Danish School of Media and Journalism

Swedish School of Social Science University of Helsinki

New Zealand  students coming to Europe will take part in either of two semester programmes offered in English as part of the last year of  BA programmes offered at both places. This is a BA in Journalism (Denmark) and a BA in Social Science (Finland).

The Danish School of Media and Journalism – Aarhus

(Semester one) 20 January – 6 June

International TV Journalism: Foreign reporting

This one-semester, full-time course (30 ECTS) offered every European spring semester combines practical TV journalistic training with theoretical studies. Students will learn to produce TV stories in the style of Foreign correspondent reporting, which engage the senses through visual storytelling and reflective reporting. In addition, attendees will acquire analytical skills of TV/video stories through the use of academic theory and approaches.

The course requires students to reflect upon journalism activity and according to their own practice, including ethical and professional dilemmas. The students will foster skills in inclusive journalism and develop a critical understanding of the relevant social and media structures in the World.

The students will gain knowledge on contemporary world politics and focus on the major historical changes in the world, and specific in Europe.

The program offers a practical approach to journalism teaching and learning, and students have exclusive access to shooting and editing facilities throughout the course. A workshop with focus on the use of smartphones for recording/editing is included in the course. The journalistic use of social media in research and publishing TV/video stories, will also be a part of the programme.

At the end of the semester, students should:

  • Know the characteristics and demands of foreign correspondent TV-reporting
  • Know how inclusive journalism can be the point of departure for production of current affairs packages for TV.
  • Obtain increased knowledge of Danish politics, European affairs and World Politics in general, and understanding of the cultural differences and challenges, in particular.
  • Master how to shoot with a digital HD camera and how to edit digitally using Final Cut Pro software. Learn about the possibilities for using a smartphone in reporting situations.
  • Gain knowledge on the opportunities and ethical problems in using social media in research, and for publishing TV stories.
  • Develop journalistic skills by working and studying in an international atmosphere that combines practical teaching with academic studies
  • Obtain lifelong professional and personal bonds by being part of an international group of students from all over the world

Credits

ECTS

Introduction to Danish culture and technical TV tools
News gathering and current affairs

5

The World and Europe

5

Inclusive journalism and social media

5

Foreign correspondent workshop

5

Final project (short-documentary and written exams)

10

TOTAL

30 ECTS

 

Level: Advanced undergraduate. All lectures, instruction and coaching are in English.

The course is a combination of practical TV production and lectures with theoretical content and approach. The practical TV assignments given become gradually more complex in content and form and are followed, in steps, by analytical academic lectures and more comprehensive written reflective deliveries. This theoretical-practical application of teaching and learning offers students clear progress in journalistic experience and theoretical knowledge as well as the possibility to develop individually through analysis and reflection.

Grading: The program is a full course load, semester program. All lectures, assignments, group work, coaching and evaluations of assignments are mandatory.  All assignments are graded in ECTS grades: A – F.

The programme:

Course 1:  Introduction program

Outline:

This course offers students an overall introduction to Denmark and Danish culture, politics and the media industry. Students are also offered Danish language courses. In addition, students are given a 2-day practical technical course in using digital video camera and Final Cut Express video editing software.

The learning objective is to ensure that students receive an insight into political, economic, social and cultural aspects of Danish society and learn how to use video camera and editing software.

Topics

  • Introduction to the program
  • Introduction to teaching methods, library and study facilities at DMJX
  • Introduction to the Danish society and language
  • Introduction to Danish politics and the welfare system including an excursion to the City Hall and Student House Aarhus
  • Introduction to Danish media
  • Introduction to, and exercises in, digital video camera and editing tools.

Course 2 : International Newsgathering and Current Affairs

Aims

International News gathering and current affairs theory and production aim to:

  • Enable the students to master methods and achieve skills of research, production and analysis of Current Affairs TV stories.
  • Introduce and discuss specific methods to gather information in social media
  • Discuss and produce different genres of Current Affairs TV stories.
  • Enhance cultural understanding and acceptance between world cultures.

Learning outcomes

On completion of the module, students are expected to have achieved:

Knowledge

  • Know the methodology of Current Affairs reporting: Different research techniques, source critique and story structures.
  • Know how articulated pictures, visual storytelling and natural sound, contribute to information, fascination and identification.
  • Know different forms of storytelling templates and the characteristics of the formulas.
  • Know how to research and plan a Current Affairs TV story and the importance of thorough research and a journalistic ethical awareness of the workflow and its outcome.
  • Know the main political structure and social system of Denmark/European Union.

Understanding

  • Understand the characteristics of Current Affairs TV stories and criteria for choosing relevant angle, content and use of credible sources.
  • Understand how to critically analyse sources and Current Affairs topics and how to develop an angle and focus that correspond to the target audience.
  • Understand the different characteristics of information based stories, eye-level stories and features.
  • Understand different dramaturgical storytelling templates used in international TV reporting.
  • Understand the importance of cooperation in TV production.

Skills

  • The students will be able to chose and produce current affairs stories by using relevant news criteria and story structures
  • They will gain methods in gathering news, facts and statements in and from foreign countries
  • They will know how to find and use international news agencies and other sources in their collection of information
  • Be able to conduct source critique and develop interview strategies according to different types of sources; experts, parties and consequence experts.
  • Be able to produce Current Affairs TV stories that use the TV medium to its full potential.
  • Be able to produce information based stories, eye-level stories and features.
  • Know how to use a digital HD camera and how to edit with Final Cut Pro.
  • Know how to perform on-camera and how to write and perform voice-overs/reporter’s commentary.
  • Know how to give professional feedback on other students’ productions.
  • Learn to cooperate across cultural and linguistic differences and learn how shared knowledge and productive work effort contribute to the journalistic product.

Course 3: The World and Europe

Rapid changes in society in economics and in politics reshape the conditions for ordinary people in Europe and beyond. This series of lectures introduce some of these major changes in order to make them understandable and to prepare journalists for communicating them to audiences.

Furthermore the lectures will focus on the ever closer European Union and its increasing role inrelation to member states and to the outside world.

Headlines for the lectures include:

• Stereotypes – an introduction for journalists

• The World Agenda; the major issues in World Politics

• Globalization and foreign policy

• The European and Global Economic crises: Responses and consequences

• The Arab uprisings and the influence of media

• What is democracy – what is “European public sphere”?

• From Jean Monnet to Joschka Fischer. History of the EU and European integration.

• Who decides what in Europe? EU institutions and decision-making processes.

• Who decides what in Europe? Implications on news reporting and journalism.

Aims

The primary aims are to:

• introduce the theoretical and conceptual building blocks necessary for understanding rapid change

• prepare students to analyse and communicate these changes

• introduce the debate on ”a European public sphere”

• introduce the history of the EU and the European integration process in order to train the students’ ability to analyse the driving forces behind the integration process

• introduce the main EU institutions and decision-making processes in the EU

• prepare students to practice the elements of EU-reporting

Learning outcomes

On completion of the course students will be able to:

• identify major changes processes in both international society and Europe

• identify concepts of globalization and asses their importance

• know about EU-history and the main theories about European integration

• identify the role and the competence of main EU-institutions

• identify the role of EU versus member states in legislation and jurisdiction

• know about sources, source critique and research possibilities.

Course 4: Inclusive journalism and social media

This course introduces the students to theoretical perspectives on the cultural production and representation of race, ethnicity and migrancy and discusses the role of the media and journalistic practice in such processes. It provides a context for critical thinking and discussion about multi-racial, multi-ethnic and multi-cultural issues associated within contemporary news media.

The journalistic use of social media will be included in the practical exercises of this course.

Aims

  • to encourage student journalists to see, look at, report and reflect on the diversities in the society.
  • to make the students focus on the diversity of sources and make them reflect on their selection of sources for TV stories
  • to learn the students methods to use social media in a critical, journalistic way
  • to discuss the ethical problems in using social media as sources for journalistic research and TV production

Learning outcomes

Skills

The students should be able to

  • use different methods for analysis and research the stereotypes of people of colour, various ethnic groups, refugees and immigrant communities in the mainstream news media.
  • identify the influence, responsibility, and power of journalism in reporting diversity issues in TV stories
  • make TV stories with focus on inclusive journalism
  • learn how to use social media in research for news and for publishing TV stories

Course 5:            Foreign Correspondent workshop

Aims:

Foreign Correspondent workshop aims to:

  • Introduce and discuss the peculiarities of foreign corresponding and the influence on journalistic working conditions in different media systems and cultures.
  • Enable students to work within a specific field of journalism and to concentrate on specific journalistic goals.
  • Enhance students’ capacity to conduct in-depth research and to identify relevant TV stories that are possible to produce with credible sources, visual proofs and appropriate storytelling.
  • Give the students the practical training in performing as a correspondent.

Learning outcomes

On completion of the module students are expected to have achieved:
Knowledge

  • Know the cultural, linguistic and societal factors that influence the work of a foreign correspondent
  • Know the journalistic working conditions in different cultures and regions.
  • Know how to produce a foreign correspondent package to a home audience.

Understanding

  • Understand the workload of a foreign correspondent.
  • Understand how to identify international topics and events that are relevant for foreign reporting.
  • Understand the importance of acknowledging different cultural backgrounds and societal developments when reporting from a foreign country.

Skills

  • Know the news criteria for a current affaire story and work with demands in the research process.
  • Be able to perform as a correspondent in live TV
  • Know how to work with stringers/fixers and/or interpreters in a foreign country.
  • Be able to write a treatment for a specific TV story and to write a complete manuscript for a current affairs TV story.
  • Be able to research and plan a relevant and interesting TV package to a TV channel or web media, for a home audience or international target group.

Course 6:            Final Project and written exam

Aims:

Final project aims to:

  • Introduce and discuss the different forms of documentary genres and journalistic approaches.
  • Enable students to do research, select reliable information and credible sources for a TV story in short-documentary format (12-15 min).
  • Enable students to angle and focus a story and choose form and visual aesthetics that merge with the chosen documentary genre.
  • Enable students to reflect on their own working process, including ethical production dilemmas, and to discuss and implement theoretical approaches to their own journalistic product.

The written exam is in two parts and is taken individually

Part one:

Two different TV stories will be screened and the student must write an analysis of the stories, based on given questions and theory from literature and lectures.

Part two:

Is a written exam where the students must answer questions that are based on knowledge from literature and lectures.

 

Swedish School of Social Science, University of Helsinki

(Semester two) 25 August – 15 December

Foreign Reporting

The students coming from New Zealand to Helsinki will take part in the on Semester program Foreign Reporting module with Political Communication offered every European autumn semester. The module is on an advanced Bachelors level. More info on the module can also be found on http://sockom.helsinki.fi/forrep/index.html

The module is designed to equip students with theoretical knowledge in support of journalistic work in international intercultural context and to expose them to the reality of being a foreign reporter on assignment. The programme emphasizes multiculturalism, ethnicity and international journalism. The module is taught by experts in the field and it includes a working assignment abroad.  The module consist on 6 courses where on course is elective. The total amount of ECTS credits for the module is 30.

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

International Journalism, 5 ECTS

Objective The course in International Journalism has a triple focus:

  • First, it discusses various concepts of  international news and research on news flows and role of journalism in different  societies.
  • Second, the course focuses on dominant modes of journalism and their journey across cultures and national borders.  Ideals such as objectivity, reporting  modes and media ethics are discussed. Thus basically the course deals with questions related to journalistic professionalism as documented  in research.
  • Third, the course elaborates on recent changes in conventional journalism  caused by online journalism, online sources and rivalry offered by the net.

After passing  the course, students are assumed to

  • have acquainted themselves with relevant literature on international trends in  journalism
  • developed  tools for an analysis of journalistic products.
Completion
  • Lectures & group assignments 20h
  • Course participants are examined on the basis of an essay (2500 words, 5-6 pages) plus a course diary (1-2 pages per session) on a minimum of 5 sessions

Ethnicity and the Challenge of Diversity in Foreign Reporting 5 ECTS

Objective This course introduces students to the challenge of ethnic diversity in contemporary societies and explores the ways in which ethnicity may be related to processes of exclusion and marginalization. It addresses the role of the media in contributing to an active public sphere and facilitating democratic engagement between members of society.At the end of this course the students should possess a critical capacity to identify the ways in which ethnicity is coded and given political relevance in any country in which they operate.  They should understand how racism and other ideologies of oppression may permeate ethnic relations and how the media may be implicated in this process. They will have an understanding of how modes of  journalistic practice may deny ‘voice’ to particular communities and individuals, and have a reflexive critical sensibility toward their practice in multi-ethnic societies.
Contents This course will explore the role of the media in impacting upon personal identities and framing the politics of diversity in contemporary societies. Drawing upon mass communication research, cultural studies and social psychology the course will examine the means whereby the mass media may be partisan and biased in their representation of ethnic identities. Descriptive case studies of the ways in which the media may stereotype particular individuals and communities will be explored in relation to the routine practices of media production. In a comparable way the role of the media in framing events and providing a taken-for-granted understanding of ethnic relations will be explored.The professional context in which journalists generate news will be examined in relation to the concept of ‘communities of practice’. The implications of this for the way in which media professionals negotiate both professional ethics and their ethnic identities will be discussed.Going beyond a concern with the specifics of media representation the course will also examine the question of what should be the role of the media in multi-cultural societies. The nature of the ‘public sphere’ in complex modern societies will be explored. Specifically, through case studies, the role of ‘minority ethnic media’ in multi-ethnic societies will be explored.
Evaluation Course participants are examined on the basis of lecture participation, set work and an essay.

Foreign Reporting in Practice  6ECTS

Objective The course is aimed at providing students with the conceptual framework and the practical skills needed to work as a foreign reporter on assignment. These include accessing sources in the country where assignments are carried out, report production and filing. Instructors and lecturers are drawn from both academic institutions and from the professional international press corps. The course includes a reporting trip to Estonia where the student produces a report(s) under actual working conditions.By completion of the course, students should have achieved/acquiredthe following:

– a deeper first-hand understanding of the foreign reporting

process in both theory and practice

– the ability to identify foreign news developments and

contextualize them for a home audience

– the ability to identify and access sources relevant to foreign

reporting work

– the basic skills required to plan and carry out a reporting

assignment in a foreign country

– improved techniques in effectively communicating foreign events.

Contents • theory and practice of foreign reporting 40h• an intensive introduction to the target area, mainly Estonia and a working assignment(s) in Estonia and in Finland 100h• guest lectures

Reporting trip research is expected to be carried out throughout the course.

Foreign Reporting Integrative Course, 4 ECTS

Objective This course aims to provide the participants with an opportunity to consciously engage with the learning that they have undertaken throughout the Foreign Reporting Module. In the beginning of the module the introductory reading material and Tom Moring’s introduction lecture aim to give the students an equal starting point to the module. The module’s “Reflect and Relax” evenings aim to give time to further connect the different course contents in a relaxed setting. At the end of the module the course provides an opportunity where students will be explicitly required to explore the extent to which they have integrated the separate teaching elements which have formed their learning. It will also bring together the staff to share the impact of their separate inputs, through participation in the intensive week: thus providing a coherent staff resource for this experience.
Contents The course consists of two parts. The first is to give the students a mutual starting point with the Foreign Reporting module and provide the students a chance to reflect on what they have learned from the courses during the module. The second part is at the end of the module during its last week. During this time-limited and intensive practical exercise the students will prepare ‘copy’ within a specific and prescriptive editorial framework. This will reflect realistic working pressures and will require each student to ‘work against the grain’ of their own predispositions in order to explore their capacity to ‘professionally’ create copy within specific editorial constraints. The copy produced will then provide the basis for a shared reflection on what their competence to work under such pressures reveals about their ability to draw upon a range of skills and knowledge bases that they have acquired over the course. It will also act as a final valedictory warning about the ethical challenges they will face in their professional life.

 Political Communication, 5 ECTS 

Objective The aim is to convey knowledge regarding the interaction between political actors and citizens within various forms of media. The course provides students with insights into the dynamics and development of political communication as a point of departure for research into relevant fields of study.
Contents Lectures (in English) regarding the communication of politics with a focus on election campaigning, agenda setting, issue framing, and various other aspects of the role of media and information in politics.
Completion Course participants are examined by means of lecture diaries, essays/presentations, and discussion on Moodle based on selected course literature.If the course is registered at Master’s level (8 cr) the course participant should write an additional essay, the heading, format and literature of which is agreed upon with the responsible teacher of the course.

 

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